Chinese Medicine (CM) has its origin more than 2500 years ago, greatly influenced by the teachings and written works of great herbalists, acupuncturists, philosophers and physicians. They emphasised man’s relationship to the environment, considering the human body to be a mini universe governed by opposing forces (yin-yang) which kept the body working in balance and harmony. In health, the opposing life forces of yin and yang were in balance while in illness there was an imbalance. CM studies the person in health and disease from the aspects of prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation in a holistic manner. The range of treatments in CM include herbal therapy, acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping, tuina, bone and spine manipulations, dietary therapy, exercise therapy like qigong and taijiguan.
Currently, there is a worldwide trend to integrate certain Chinese medicine practices like acupuncture and herbal remedies to complement the management of pain and reduce side effects of drugs used to treat chronic diseases.